Izindaba

Yini i-textile science?

Njengesayensi yezobuchwepheshe, izindwangu zifundisisa izindlela zomzimba (zomzimba, ezomshini) nezindlela zamakhemikhali ezisetshenziselwa ukuhlangana kwe-fiber nokusebenza. Abantu abazohlala, abokuqala ukudla, abesibili ukugqoka. Kusukela ezikhathini zasendulo, ngaphandle koboya besikhumba, cishe zonke izinto zokugqoka ziyizindwangu. Njengomkhiqizo, umqondo omncane wendwangu ubhekisa ekuphothweni nasekukwalukeni, kanti umqondo obanzi wendwangu ubandakanya ukucutshungulwa kwempahla eluhlaza, ukudonsa, ukudaya, ukuqeda nokukhiqiza ifayibha yamakhemikhali. Imikhiqizo yendwangu, ngaphezu kwezingubo, kepha futhi nokubukwa, ukupakisha nezinye izinjongo. Ezikhathini zanamuhla, ibuye isetshenziselwe ukuhlobisa ikhaya, ukukhiqizwa kwezimboni nezolimo, ukwelashwa, ukuvikela izwe nezinye izici. Ubuchwepheshe bezindwangu buyindlela nekhono lokuxazulula izinkinga ezisebenzayo ekukhiqizweni kwendwangu. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uhlelo lwemithetho eyisisekelo abantu abalukhulumayo ngalesi sisekelo lwakha isayensi yendwangu.

Kusukela ngawo-1950, isayensi yendwangu yenze inqubekela phambili enkulu. Ngokuya ngokuqukethwe okuyisisekelo, isayensi yezinto zokwenziwa yakhiwa ngesisekelo se-fiber science kanye ne-polymer chemistry; ubuchwepheshe bemishini ye-fiber materials bakheka ngesisekelo semishini nemishini; ubuchwepheshe bamakhemikhali bezinto ze-fiber benziwa ngesisekelo se-chemistry ne-fiber science; futhi okuqukethwe kokuklanywa kwendwangu kuthuthukisiwe ngesisekelo se-aesthetics, i-geometry ne-physiology. Ngokuya ngokuqukethwe okusemaceleni, isayensi eminingi eyisisekelo kanye nezinye isayensi yezobuchwepheshe zihlanganiswe kakhulu nokwenza kwendwangu, kwakheka amagatsha amasha nezinkomba zokuthuthuka: ngokwesibonelo, umlando kanye nezomnotho zisetshenziswa ocwaningweni lokuthuthukiswa kwendwangu, kwakheka umlando wendwangu; izibalo zezibalo, ucwaningo lokusebenza kanye ne-optimization theory kwi-mathematics zisetshenziswe kakhulu kubuchwepheshe bezindwangu nasekukhiqizeni; i-physics ne-Technological Physics isetshenziswa embonini yendwangu Ukuthuthukiswa kwezinsimbi zendwangu, ubuchwepheshe bokuthola izindwangu kanye nobuchwepheshe bokulawula okuzenzakalelayo kukhuthaziwe, Kwenze ikhemistri yodayi nabasizi, futhi kwagqugquzela ukuthuthukiswa kwezinqubo zamakhemikhali, ukusetshenziswa komakhenikha kanye ne-elekthronikhi endwangu sekwakhiwe umgomo wokuklanywa kwemishini yendwangu, ukukhiqizwa kwemishini yendwangu, ezishintshayo yemishini yendwangu, njll .; ukusetshenziswa kweSayensi Yezemvelo endwangu, kuhlanganiswe nobuchwepheshe bezindwangu obuhlukahlukene, kuthuthukise ukwakhiwa kwamafektri wezindwangu, i-air conditioning nemishini yendwangu Ukusetshenziswa kwe-Management Science embonini yezindwangu kwakha ubunjiniyela bokuphatha bemboni yendwangu. Ngokwento yephrojekthi, ngenxa yokusetshenziswa kakhulu kwemicu yamakhemikhali, ubuchwepheshe bokuqala bukakotini, uboya, ubusilika kanye ne-hemp buhlala buguquka, buya ngokuya bube nohlobo lukakotini, uhlobo loboya, uhlobo lukasilika, uhlobo lwe-hemp nobunye ubuchwepheshe bendwangu, ngayinye inezinhlobo zayo zobuchwepheshe i-fiber ekhethekile yokucubungula okokuqala, ukuphotha nokuxebuka, ukweluka, ukudaya nokuqeda, ukwakhiwa komkhiqizo njalonjalo. Yize befana kakhulu ngokufana, izici zabo ezihlukile zibenza bakhe amagatsha amane ahlukene kakhulu. Kukhona nensimu entsha yezingubo emingceleni yezimboni ezikhanyayo nezindwangu, eseyakheka. Izinga lokuvuthwa kwegatsha ngalinye lesiyalo sendwangu lihlukile. Amagama nezincazelo zawo zihlala zikhula futhi ziguquka, futhi ezinye zazo ziyahlangana futhi zigcwelane.


Isikhathi Iposi: Apr-07-2021